Going to CaliforniaTop of Page

Four Land Regions of California ResearchTop of Page

California Land Regions -- Interactive map showing the four regions of California.
California Regions Research Resources -- Lots of links to websites for research.
California Regions Resources -- More links for research.

General California HistoryTop of Page

California, First Person Narratives: General Collections  "The collection consists of the full texts and illustrations of 190 books documenting the formative era of California's history through eyewitness accounts. It covers the decades between the Gold Rush and the turn of the twentieth century. It captures the pioneer experience; encounters between Anglo-Americans and the diverse peoples who had preceded them; the transformation of the land by mining, ranching, agriculture, and urban development; the growth of communities and cities; and California's emergence as both a state and a place of uniquely American dreams."  From the Library of Congress.

California State Railroad Museum  "Beginning with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, trains brought settlers to California and shipped many of the products of the Golden State to markets throughout North America. The state's rapid development into the sixth largest economy in the world was made possible, to a great extent, by the railroad. It all began with four Sacramento storekeepers and a visionary, but persuasive, civil engineer." The website includes brief history articles on: California Calls You, Life on the Railroad, and The Transcontinental Railroad. From the California State Railroad Museum Foundation.

California GeographyTop of Page

California Geography from NETSTATE  Quick fast facts about all the different regions of California.

FactFinder Kids Corner  Learn about the U.S. Census, get facts about your state, and have fun with quiz questions.  From the Census Bureau.

Atlas - Xpeditions  Interactive world map made for printing and copying. Students can bore down to specific locations from a global starting point. Maps can be customized to include detailed information and country boundaries. Maps are sizeable and printable via GIF or PDF formats. From National Geographic.

California Native AmericansTop of Page

Bibliographies of Northern and Central California Indians  Forty-three independent tribal bibliographies, and a general bibliography of California Indians. Includes maps (tribal groups and corresponding California counties, linguistic groups), alternate names and spellings for tribal groups, and information on libraries containing California Indian collections.

California Cultures on Calisphere  This site "documents California's rich history of diversity and multicultural contributions. This collection -- including photographs, documents, newspaper clippings, political cartoons, works of art, oral histories, and other primary sources -- ... features more than 20,000 specially digitized primary sources." Includes primary sources, historical overviews, and lesson plans relating to African American, Asian American, Hispanic American, and Native American groups. From Calisphere, a service of the University of California libraries.

California Indians and Their Reservations  A resource that lists all the American Indian groups in California, giving their reservations, locations, acreage, population, and contact information. Also includes many cultural and historical terms, and population statistics, with links to the tribal web sites. From Phillip M. White, a reference librarian at San Diego State University.

Chumash Indian Life  The Chumash are a California Native American tribe that can be traced back thousands of years. This site shows the history of the Chumash through a timeline, highlighting food, medicine, myths, games, dances, language, and cave painting. The early Chumash were unique for their invention of the plank canoe and their baskets, tools, and bead making. From the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History's Anthropology Department.

The Muwekma Ohlone  The official website of the Muwekma Ohlone Indian Tribe, "the original inhabitants of San Francisco, California, USA, and the surrounding Bay Area," contains news, history, a photo gallery, and links to other Native American sites. Much of the site documents their legal struggle for federal recognition, for which there is an online petition. The site also contains information about the Muwekma Ohlone Pocket Park Project in San Francisco.

California Indians Webquest  "The California Indian Alliance is looking for new California tribes to become members.  We need all California tribes to participate in the alliance in order to make it as strong as it can be. Will you represent your tribe and participate in the Great Ceremony in order to gain membership?"  Webquest by Terri Lieberman of Visalia Unified School District

Native Tech: Native American Technology and Art  An internet resource for indigenous ethno-technology focusing on the arts of Eastern Woodland Indian Peoples, providing historical & contemporary background with instructional how-to's & references.

Memory and Imagination - The Legacy of Maidu Indian Artist Frank Day  Frank Day (1902-76) painted more than 200 scenes depicting Maidu tribal history, ceremonies, and customs. A self-taught artist, Day's concern for the preservation of his people's cultural traditions inspired his narrative-like and imaginative paintings. From the Smithsonian Institution.

Spanish MissionsTop of Page

California Missions Resource Center  Your comprehensive guide to discovering the history behind the California missions and the people who founded and shaped the character of California.  Features a map, timeline, contemporary and historical photos, galleries of 19th-century drawings and vintage postcards, illustrated articles on topics such as movies and the missions and women pioneers in California, and more. Includes links to related sites. From a company that publishes material about California missions and other topics.

The California Missions Trail  Brief descriptions of the 21 California Missions
which roughly trace El Camino Real.  From the California Department of Parks & Recreation.

Junipero Serra 
Biography of Junipero Serra.  Includes highlights of his life and information about controversy surrounding the treatment of Native Americans at the Franciscan missions. From a PBS documentary produced by the West Film Project and WETA.

Research Starters: Spanish Missions of California  Recommended research topics, articles, and web resources about the Spanish Missions of California.  From the Scholastic site, created with Grolier Online.

Early California Population Project (ECPP)  The Early California Population Project (ECPP) provides public access to all the information contained in California's historic mission registers, records that are of unique and vital importance to the study of California, the American Southwest, and colonial America. Search records by criteria specific to each document, such as parent ethnicity, native name, and Spanish name for baptismal records. Registration (free) required to search. From the Huntington Library.

Early History of the California Coast A National Park Service (NPS) travel itinerary for several dozen historic sites connected to early periods of coastal California's history. Find maps and links to individual websites for sites such as Fort Ross (founded by Russians), various missions (founded by Spaniards), Angel Island (an immigration holding station for Chinese immigrants to the United States), and the John Muir National Historic Site. From the NPS National Register of Historic Places.

California Missions  An essay on the history of the missions, facts about each mission's founding and location, information about the photographers, and historic photographs (1895 through the 1940s) of all twenty-one California missions. From the California Museum of Photography, University of California, Riverside. Publisher: University of California, Riverside.

California Missions  This site offers travel tips if you plan to visit a mission, or you can take a virtual tour of the missions.

California Gold RushTop of Page

The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited  "Provides a detailed history of how the gold camps were founded, by whom, and how they prospered. Photos of the historic spots & attractions, with directions to them. Gold Country Traveler's information - local museums, lodging, restaurants, schedules of events, and points of interest." The site also has photographs, as well as many links to other sites about the Mother Lode, miners, and other California people and history.

Gold Rush! California's Untold Stories, Oakland Museum of California  Virtual exhibit commemorates the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in January 1848, and the frenzied rush to California of gold seekers from around the world. Includes photos and art of the time, perspectives of Native Americans and immigrants, and links to additional reference sources. An interactive, multimedia web site with sections on Gold Fever, Art of the Gold Rush, Silver and Gold, Natives and Immigrants, and curriculum materials.

The California Gold Rush, 1849  A gold seeker describes his passage to the gold fields, digging for gold and life in camp. From EyeWitness to History.com, presented by Ibis Communications Inc., a digital publisher of educational programming.

Calisphere - 1848-1865: The Gold Rush Era  Themed collection on the Gold Rush Era, explore primary source sets from Calisphere, a service of the University of California Libraries.

Gold Rush Sesquicentennial  This site, created by the Sacramento Bee newspaper, has detailed, easily accessible information on all three travel routes, including cost, travel time, food, problems, weather. You can also find information on the daily life of miners, the impact of the Gold Rush in the West, and hardships suffered by miners.

California ImmigrationTop of Page

Angel Island  Check out the History and Ayala Cove tabs for information about this California State Park that was once both a military base and the site of two government facilities (Quarantine and Immigration Stations) for nearly 100 years starting in the mid-1800s.  Visitor information for this California state park includes fees, hours, hiking, biking, camping, and more. There are links to additional resources.

Echoes of Freedom: South Asian Pioneers in California  An illustrated history of early Indian immigrants to California (primarily Sikhs from Punjab), featuring photographs, documents, and publications. Explores the passage to America, work, prejudice, the Gadar Party, the Stockton Sikh Temple, students, the exclusion of women, the Thind Decision (1923), the Luce-Cellar Act (1946), Congressman Dalip Singh Saund, and the Immigration and Nationality Act (1965). From the South/Southeast Asia Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Italian Americans in California  "This website portrays the place of Italian Americans in the history and culture of California." Take a tour of the virtual exhibit with illustrated essays relating to topics such as Italians in the Spanish and Mexican eras, the Gold Rush, immigration issues, organized crime, business and banking, wine and agriculture, film industry, and Little Italy, San Francisco. Also includes a timeline and sources and links. From the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California  This lesson plan uses two Sacramento River towns in California for studying the Asian immigrant experience. Materials include maps, readings, images, activities, and links. From the U.S. National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places program.

Oroville Chinese Temple  "Built in 1863, the Oroville [California] Chinese Temple served as a place of worship for a community of 10,000 Chinese residents." The site contains a collection of historical photographs of the temple and Chinese community of Oroville, and images of cultural artifacts from the temple's collections, including shrines, religious figures, shoes, puppets, and chairs. Also features a brief history of the temple. From the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Chinese Exclusion Act  This is a standards-based collection of images and suggestions for classroom use in Calisphere's Themed Collections covering the time period of 1870-1900: Closing of the Frontier. The images in this group reflect the daily lives of the Chinese in California during the late 1800s. Some express the anti-Chinese feeling that resulted in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. From the University of California.