California, First Person Narratives: General Collections"The
collection consists of the full texts and illustrations of 190 books
documenting the formative era of California's history through eyewitness
accounts. It covers the decades between the Gold Rush and the turn of
the twentieth century. It captures the pioneer experience; encounters
between Anglo-Americans and the diverse peoples who had preceded them;
the transformation of the land by mining, ranching, agriculture, and
urban development; the growth of communities and cities; and
California's emergence as both a state and a place of uniquely American
dreams." From the Library of Congress.
California State Railroad Museum"Beginning with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in
1869, trains brought settlers to California and shipped many of the
products of the Golden State to markets throughout North America. The
state's rapid development into the sixth largest economy in the world
was made possible, to a great extent, by the railroad. It all began with
four Sacramento storekeepers and a visionary, but persuasive, civil
engineer." The website includes brief history articles on: California
Calls You, Life on the Railroad, and The Transcontinental Railroad. From
the California State Railroad Museum Foundation.
FactFinder Kids Corner Learn about the U.S. Census, get facts about your state, and have fun with quiz questions. From the Census Bureau.
Atlas - Xpeditions
Interactive world map made for printing and copying. Students can bore
down to specific locations from a global starting point. Maps can be
customized to include detailed information and country boundaries. Maps
are sizeable and printable via GIF or PDF formats. From National
Bibliographies of Northern and Central California IndiansForty-three
independent tribal bibliographies, and a general bibliography of
California Indians. Includes maps (tribal groups and corresponding
California counties, linguistic groups), alternate names and spellings
for tribal groups, and information on libraries containing California
California Cultures on Calisphere This
site "documents California's rich history of diversity and
multicultural contributions. This collection -- including photographs,
documents, newspaper clippings, political cartoons, works of art, oral
histories, and other primary sources -- ... features more than 20,000
specially digitized primary sources." Includes primary sources,
historical overviews, and lesson plans relating to African American,
Asian American, Hispanic American, and Native American groups. From
Calisphere, a service of the University of California libraries.
California Indians and Their ReservationsA resource that lists all the American Indian groups in California,
giving their reservations, locations, acreage, population, and contact
information. Also includes many cultural and historical terms, and
population statistics, with links to the tribal web sites. From
Phillip M. White, a reference librarian at San Diego State
Chumash Indian LifeThe
Chumash are a California Native American tribe that can be traced back
thousands of years. This site shows the history of the Chumash through a
timeline, highlighting food, medicine, myths, games, dances, language,
and cave painting. The early Chumash were unique for their invention of
the plank canoe and their baskets, tools, and bead making. From the
Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History's Anthropology Department.
The Muwekma OhloneThe official website of the Muwekma Ohlone Indian Tribe,
"the original inhabitants of San Francisco, California, USA, and the
surrounding Bay Area," contains news, history, a photo gallery, and
links to other Native American sites. Much of the site documents their
legal struggle for federal recognition, for which there is an online
petition. The site also contains information about the Muwekma Ohlone
Pocket Park Project in San Francisco.
California Indians Webquest"The
California Indian Alliance is looking for new California tribes to
become members. We need all California tribes to participate in the
alliance in order to make it as strong as it can be. Will you
represent your tribe and participate in the Great Ceremony in order to
gain membership?" Webquest by Terri Lieberman of Visalia Unified School District
Native Tech: Native American Technology and ArtAn
internet resource for indigenous ethno-technology focusing on the arts
of Eastern Woodland Indian Peoples, providing historical &
contemporary background with instructional how-to's & references.
Memory and Imagination - The Legacy of Maidu Indian Artist Frank DayFrank Day (1902-76) painted more than 200 scenes depicting Maidu tribal
history, ceremonies, and customs. A self-taught artist, Day's concern
for the preservation of his people's cultural traditions inspired his
narrative-like and imaginative paintings. From the Smithsonian
California Missions Resource Center
Your comprehensive guide to discovering the history behind the
California missions and the people who founded and shaped the character
of California. Features a map, timeline, contemporary and
historical photos, galleries of 19th-century drawings and vintage
postcards, illustrated articles on topics such as movies and the
missions and women pioneers in California, and more. Includes links to
related sites. From a company that publishes material about California
missions and other topics.
The California Missions Trail Brief descriptions of the 21 California Missions which roughly trace El Camino Real. From the California Department of Parks & Recreation.
of Junipero Serra. Includes highlights of his life and information
about controversy surrounding the treatment of Native Americans at the
Franciscan missions. From a PBS documentary produced by the West Film
Project and WETA.
Early California Population Project (ECPP)The
Early California Population Project (ECPP) provides public access to
all the information contained in California's historic mission
registers, records that are of unique and vital importance to the study
of California, the American Southwest, and colonial America. Search
records by criteria specific to each document, such as parent ethnicity,
native name, and Spanish name for baptismal records. Registration
(free) required to search. From the Huntington Library.
Early History of the California CoastA
National Park Service (NPS) travel itinerary for several dozen historic
sites connected to early periods of coastal California's history. Find
maps and links to individual websites for sites such as Fort Ross
(founded by Russians), various missions (founded by Spaniards), Angel
Island (an immigration holding station for Chinese immigrants to the
United States), and the John Muir National Historic Site. From the NPS
National Register of Historic Places.
An essay on the history of the missions, facts about each mission's
founding and location, information about the photographers, and historic
photographs (1895 through the 1940s) of all twenty-one California
missions. From the California Museum of Photography, University of
California, Riverside. Publisher: University of California, Riverside.
California Missions This site offers travel tips if you plan to visit a mission, or you can take a virtual tour of the missions.
The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited "Provides a detailed history of how the gold camps were founded,
by whom, and how they prospered. Photos of the historic spots &
attractions, with directions to them. Gold Country Traveler's
information - local museums, lodging, restaurants, schedules of events,
and points of interest." The site also has photographs, as well as many
links to other sites about the Mother Lode, miners, and other California
people and history.
Gold Rush! California's Untold Stories, Oakland Museum of California
Virtual exhibit commemorates the discovery of gold
at Sutter's Mill in January 1848, and the frenzied rush to California
of gold seekers from around the world. Includes photos and art of the
time, perspectives of Native Americans and immigrants, and links to
additional reference sources. An interactive, multimedia web site with
sections on Gold Fever, Art of the Gold Rush, Silver and Gold, Natives
and Immigrants, and curriculum materials.
The California Gold Rush, 1849
A gold seeker describes his passage to the gold fields, digging for
gold and life in camp. From EyeWitness to History.com, presented by Ibis
Communications Inc., a digital publisher of educational programming.
Gold Rush Sesquicentennial
This site, created by the Sacramento Bee newspaper, has detailed,
easily accessible information on all three travel routes, including
cost, travel time, food, problems, weather. You can also find
information on the daily life of miners, the impact of the Gold Rush in
the West, and hardships suffered by miners.
Check out the History and Ayala Cove tabs for information about this
California State Park that was once both a military base and the site of
two government facilities (Quarantine and Immigration Stations) for
nearly 100 years starting in the mid-1800s. Visitor information
for this California state park includes fees, hours, hiking, biking,
camping, and more. There are links to additional resources. Echoes of Freedom: South Asian Pioneers in CaliforniaAn
illustrated history of early Indian immigrants to California (primarily
Sikhs from Punjab), featuring photographs, documents, and publications.
Explores the passage to America, work, prejudice, the Gadar Party, the
Stockton Sikh Temple, students, the exclusion of women, the Thind
Decision (1923), the Luce-Cellar Act (1946), Congressman Dalip Singh
Saund, and the Immigration and Nationality Act (1965). From the
South/Southeast Asia Library, University of California, Berkeley. Italian Americans in California"This
website portrays the place of Italian Americans in the history and
culture of California." Take a tour of the virtual exhibit with
illustrated essays relating to topics such as Italians in the Spanish
and Mexican eras, the Gold Rush, immigration issues, organized crime,
business and banking, wine and agriculture, film industry, and Little
Italy, San Francisco. Also includes a timeline and sources and links.
From the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in CaliforniaThis
lesson plan uses two Sacramento River towns in California for studying
the Asian immigrant experience. Materials include maps, readings,
images, activities, and links. From the U.S. National Park Service
Teaching with Historic Places program.
Oroville Chinese Temple"Built
in 1863, the Oroville [California] Chinese Temple served as a place of
worship for a community of 10,000 Chinese residents." The site contains a
collection of historical photographs of the temple and Chinese
community of Oroville, and images of cultural artifacts from the
temple's collections, including shrines, religious figures, shoes,
puppets, and chairs. Also features a brief history of the temple. From
the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. Chinese Exclusion Act
This is a standards-based collection of images and suggestions for
classroom use in Calisphere's Themed Collections covering the time
period of 1870-1900: Closing of the Frontier. The images in this group
reflect the daily lives of the Chinese in California during the late
1800s. Some express the anti-Chinese feeling that resulted in the
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. From the University of California.